Abstract

This paper presents an optimal design of three dimensional multi-story reinforced concrete structures using recently developed meta-heuristic algorithms, namely; the charged system search and the enhanced charged system search. The design is based on the ACI 318-05 code and loadings [...]

Abstract

Deployment and retrieval of drilling risers are among the most highly stressed marine operations processes, and allowable imperfections or missed-inspection cracks are likely to expand into limited defects, making crack identification essential during the deployment and retrieval [...]