S. Hoon, C. Huerta-López, A. García-Gastélum
The analytical and experimental seismic response of La Mission Bridge, and the site sub-surface characterization on its neighborhood is presented in this paper. SAP 2000 (Structural Analysis Program) was used to model and characterize numerically the expected response of the bridge in terms of their vibration natural frequencies and maximum displacement. It was also generated the scenario of the bridge response upon strong motion. In both cases, ambient vibration measurements were used for the experimental studies. The stiffness matrix method was used for the analytical study (forward modeling) of wave propagation in layered media. The relevant characteristics of the results are next succinctly described: For the bridge: the theoretical fundamental frequency of vibration was 3.10 Hz., and the estimated experimental fundamental vibration frequency was 3.30 Hz. For the site characterization, our results are described starting at the north end of the bridge going through its south end: (i) The site S1_2, which is the site where the soil was artificially compacted, has a dominant frequency of 2.5 Hz and an average shear wave velocity of 195 m/s. (ii) For sites S3_1 and S2_4, the dominant frequency was 1.5 Hz and the average shear wave velocity was 115 m/s and 123 m/s, respectively. (iii) Site S2_2, the dominant frequency was 3.5 Hz and an average shear wave velocity 275 m/s. (iv) Site S2_5, in this site two clear peaks at frequencies of 1.5 and 3.75 Hz were observed, regarding to the average shear wave velocity it was 128 m/s. (v) Site S2_3, the dominant frequency was 4.0 Hz and the average shear wave velocity was 346 m/s. All the experimental sites were in soils at natural conditions, but the site S1_2, which was artificially compacted. The soil characteristics along the 163 m length of the bridge, clearly shows a rigidity change of the soil sub-surface conditions. That condition is an indication that different amplifications of the ground response will probably be experienced, being in the range of the 4.0 Hz at the south-end side of the bridge, and 1.5 Hz on the portion of the north-end of the bridge. In no case the fundamental vibration frequency of the bridge matches the fundamental vibration frequency of the ground surface. However, they are somehow no too far apart each other.
Published on 03/06/22Accepted on 03/06/22Submitted on 03/06/22
Volume VOLUME 22, 2022Licence: CC BY-NC-SA license
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