There were several slides and associated ground subsidence which brought significant impact on cracking of walls and floor of several private and governmental buildings in Bonga Town. The principal and secondary roads were also affected by subsidence with vertical displacement up to 1m which hampered the traffic in the town. Water pipelines along the road were disturbed by the sliding which were later repaired. Cracking of the walls and floor of more than 120 private residences and more than 10 government buildings were recorded. The main highway that connects Bonga-TepiMasha via Alamo and Gatiba has been disrupted at four locations. This resulted in hampering in traffic for several days. This research aimed to evaluate the cause and failure mechanism as well as the stability condition of the landslides. The study involved the investigation of the Geotechnical parameters of soil and the terrain characteristics to be used for the stability analysis of the slope, including distribution and characteristics of soils, the groundwater table, and the depth and geometry of the failures. The Slope stability analysis is supplemented by using Geo-studio 2004 software. Soil samples were collected, and were tested for grain size analysis, distribution analysis (sieve & hydrometer) plastic limit, liquid limit, plasticity index, water content, unit weight of soil, specific gravity and shear strength parameters following the ASTM procedures. Based on the findings, the landslides were triggered by heavy rainfall. Therefore, the main factors controlling the stability of slope are soil type and characteristics, slope angle, water (surface and groundwater), and slope steepness. The design of retaining wall is recommended to mitigate the impact of landslides in the study area. Index Terms—Geotechnical parameters; Groundwater table, Landslides; Mitigation measures, Retaining wall, Slope stability analysis.

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Published on 01/01/2017

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