Limit state analysis of masonry arches sets to assess the safety of the structure by determining the minimum thickness that just contains a thrust line. Based on the Heymanian assumptions regarding material qualities and the equilibrium approach to the static theorem it has been explicitly proven for semi-circular arches that both the thrust line and the resulting minimum thickness value is subject to stereotomy (brick or stone laying pattern), while present study demonstrates, that the latter statement holds for pointed-circular arches as well. This is not straightforward, since the number- and arrangement of the hinges at limit state vary subject to the geometry in case of pointedcircular arches, resulting a more complex problem. It is also explicitly shown, that stereotomy might also affect the corresponding (rotational) failure mode (for certain arch geometries). Stereotomy of an existing structure is not always known, hence it is relevant to search for a stereotomy related bounding value of minimum thickness for each of the various failure modes. The potential of the envelope of resultants as a thrust line (resulting from vertical stereotomy) leading to bounding value minimum thicknesses is discussed: as shown elsewhere it bounds the family of thrust lines, hence leads to an upper bound value of minimum thickness in case of semi-circular arches. It is demonstrated however, that this cannot be generalized for other rotational failure modes which occur for circular-pointed arches. The envelope of resultants does not necessarily lead to a bounding value of minimum thickness, and even if it does, it can be either an upper or a lower bound. However, it is found that the range of minimum thickness values is bounded in all possible failure mode types. The necessary conditions are provided for each.

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Published on 30/11/21
Submitted on 30/11/21

Volume Numerical modeling and structural analysis, 2021
DOI: 10.23967/sahc.2021.216
Licence: CC BY-NC-SA license

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