Electric vehicles (EVs) have the potential to play a crucial role in clean and intelligent power systems. The key to this potential lies in the flexibility that EVs provide by the ability to shift their electricity demand in time. This flexibility can be used to facilitate the integration of renewable energy sources by adjusting EV demand to the variable production of wind or solar energy. On the other hand, the same flexibility can be employed to reduce peaks in network load that could result from a massive adoption of EVs. This PhD thesis aims to improve the understanding of the value of flexible EV demand in the context of multi-actor power systems with a high share of renewable energy sources. We first explore flexible EV demand from a distribution network point of view, and then in the light of renewable energy integration. Moreover, we also bring these perspectives together and investigate mechanisms to align the different objectives related to the distribution networks and renewable energy integration. This thesis thus demonstrates the value of demand response in the sustainable power systems of the future.
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