The relevance of the study is due to the following: traditionally, the problem of managerial success in the modern public administration system is considered from the standpoint of individual psychological characteristics of a person, their psycho-biographical factors, or based on indicators of the effectiveness of managerial activity. On the contrary, the issues of sociocognitive factors, their influence on the achievements of the individual are considered to a lesser extent. At the same time, social and cognitive features that explain managerial success and differences in management styles are important determinants of managerial success, along with the aforementioned characteristics. Studying this through the prism of personal life strategies, the system of personal meanings that determine individual consciousness, allows us to identify strategies for understanding the subjective effectiveness and success of management activities, especially in a situation of its increasing complexity. The purpose of the study is to identify the features of the social and cognitive sphere of modern leaders of the public administration system, its relationship with managerial and career success, and on this basis to substantiate the typology of managers with different management concepts for the development of their individual development programs. The object of the research is the socio-cognitive sphere of the managers’ personality. Research method: study of literary sources, review of scientific approaches, expert survey, questionnaires, content analysis of documents, testing using author's tools, quantitative and qualitative analysis of empirical data. Analysis of the array of empirical data, modeling, comparative data analysis. The main conclusions: based on empirical data from a representative sample of management personnel of the public administration system, which amounted to more than 8000 respondents, a study of the factors of influence of the socio-cognitive characteristics of the leader on their managerial (career) success, the socio-cognitive characteristics of the leader was conducted in 2021 and the typology of leaders based on the combination of these properties was built. The novelty of the research: for the first time, the issue of socio-cognitive determinants of managerial success is considered, a typology of managers is built, which is based on a combination of socio-cognitive characteristics that are determinants of the subjective picture of the manager's world: internality, distance, safety orientation. This can significantly expand the scientific field of research both in the field of the subject of management activities and in the field of professional activities of civil servants. Research prospects: research results can be used to develop scientific potential in order to improve the quality of educational programs for scientific and methodological support for the introduction of new principles of personnel policy in the civil service; develop the requirements for the assessment of managers of the public administration system, candidates for the positions of managers, as well as participants in the reserves of managerial personnel; develop the requirements for the structure and content of management training programs in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, and building individualized programs for professional and personal development.
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