Resumen

Algoritmos, bots y automatización en la elaboración de noticias. Este conjunto de conceptos, elementos y procesos afecta a la profesión periodística que vive momentos convulsos donde la inteligencia artificial (IA) está empezando a ocupar un terreno tradicionalmente dominado por el factor humano. En esta investigación elaboramos un mapa mundial de medios, agencias y empresas que recurren a la automatización en la elaboración de información. Además, definimos la percepción sobre este fenómeno en España a través de una encuesta a colegios profesionales, asociaciones y sindicatos donde 366 periodistas dibujan el estado de la cuestión con sus respuestas. Los principales resultados muestran cómo existe un desconocimiento profundo por parte de los periodistas españoles de la influencia directa de la IA en la profesión. La automatización de noticias no deja de ganar terreno tal y como demuestran las 50 iniciativas catalogadas a nivel mundial en el mapa elaborado.

Texto completo

The PDF file did not load properly or your web browser does not support viewing PDF files. Download directly to your device: Download PDF document

Referencias

Casas-Anguita, Juana; Repullo-Labrador, José-Ramón; Donado-Campos, Juan (2003). “La encuesta como técnica de investigación: elaboración de cuestionarios y tratamientos estadísticos de los datos”. Atención primaria, v. 31, n. 8, pp. 527-538. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0212-6567(03)70728-8

Cid, Guillermo (2017). “Este robot reemplazará a los periodistas (empezando por los deportivos)”. El confidencial, 31 agosto. https://www.elconfidencial.com/tecnologia/2017-08-31/goles-robots-noticias-narrativa-startup_1436100

Clerwall, Christer (2014). “Enter the robot journalist”. Journalism practice, v. 8, n. 5, pp. 519-531. https://doi.org/10.1080/17512786.2014.883116

Dörr, Konstantin-Nicholas (2016). “Mapping the field algorith, journalism”. Digital journalism, v. 4, n. 6, pp. 700-722. https://doi.org/10.1080/21670811.2015.1096748

Edge, Abigail (2014). “Ophan: Key metrics informing editorial at The Guardian”. Journalism.co.uk, Dec. 2nd. https://www.journalism.co.uk/news/how-ophan-offers-bespoke-data-to-inform-content-at-the-guardian/s2/a563349

Fanta, Alexander (2017). Putting Europe’s robots on the map: Automated journalism in news agencies. University of Oxford; Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism. https://goo.gl/wBfuQs

Fuchs, Martina (2018). “Robo-reporters: The end of the story for journalism?”. Huffington post, Jan. 17th. https://goo.gl/kGV8qu

Glahn, Harry R. (1970). “Computer worded forecasts”. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, v. 51, n. 12, pp. 1126-1132. https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0477(1979)060%3C0004:CWF%3E2.0.CO;2

Goichman, Rafaella (2017). “Written by a robot: Will algorithms kill journalism?”. Haaretz, Febr. 15th. https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/business/1.771758

Graefe, Andreas (2016). Guide to automated journalism. Tow Center for Digital Journalism, Jan. 7th. https://www.cjr.org/tow_center_reports/guide_to_automated_journalism.php

Hansen, Mark; Roca-Sales, Meritxell; Keegan, Jonathan M.; King, George (2017). Artificial untelligence: Practice and implications for journalism. Collumbia University Libraries; Tow Center for Digital Journalism. https://doi.org/10.7916/D8X92PRD

Karlsen, Joakim; Stavelin, Eirik (2014). “Computational journalism in Norwegian newsrooms”. Journalism practice, v. 8, n. 1, pp. 34-48. https://doi.org/10.1080/17512786.2013.813190

Kim, Jong-Hwan; Lee, Kang-Hee; Kim, Yong-Duk; Kuppuswamy, Naveen-Suresh; Jo, Jun (2007). “Ubiquitous robot: A new paradigm for integrated services”. En: 2007 IEEE Intl conf on robotics and automation, pp. 2853-2858. https://doi.org/10.1109/ROBOT.2007.363904

Latar, Noam-Lemelshtrich (2014). “Robot journalists: ‘Quakebot’ is just the beginning”. Knowledge@Wharton, March 28th. http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article/will-robot-journalists-replace-humanl-ones

Lecompte, Celeste (2015). “Automation in the newsroom”. Nieman reports, Sept, 1st. http://niemanreports.org/articles/automation-in-the-newsroom

Lee, Sung-Min; Kim, Tai-Yun (1998). “A news on demand service system based on robot agent”. En: 1998 Intl conf on parallel and distributed systems, pp. 528-532. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICPADS.1998.741128

Lindén, Carl-Gustav (2017). “Algorithms for journalism: The future of news work”. The journal of media innovations, v. 4, n. 1, pp. 60-76. https://doi.org/10.5617/jmi.v4i1.2420

Marconi, Francesco; Siegman, Alex (2017). The future of augmented journalism: A guide for newsrooms in the age of smart machines. https://insights.ap.org/uploads/images/the-future-of-augmented-journalism_ap-report.pdf

Matsumoto, Rie; Nakayama, Hideki; Harada, Tatsuya; Kuniyoshi, Yasuo (2007). “Journalist robot: Robot system making news articles from real world”. En: 2007 IEEE Intl conf on robotics and automation, pp. 1234-1241. https://doi.org/10.1109/IROS.2007.4399598

McCarthy, John; Minsky, Marvin; Rochester, Nathaniel; Shannon, Claude (2017). “A proposal for the Dartmouth summer research project on artificial intelligence”. AI magazine, v. 27, n. 4, pp. 44-53. https://doi.org/10.1609/aimag.v27i4.1904

Meehan, James (1977). “Tale-spin, an interactive program that writes stories”. En: Procs of the 5th Intl joint conf on artificial intelligence, pp. 91-98. https://www.cs.utah.edu/nlp/papers/talespin-ijcai77.pdf

Meneses, Julio (2016). “El cuestionario. La entrevista”. En: Fàbregues, Sergi; Meneses, Julio; Rodríguez-Gómez, David; Paré, Marie-Hélène. Técnicas de investigación social y educativa. Barcelona, Oberta UOC Publishing, pp. 17-158. ISBN: 978 84 91163268 http://femrecerca.cat/meneses/files/tecnicas_de_investigacion_social_y_educativa_2016.pdf

Mullin, Benjamin (2016). “Bloomberg EIC: Automation is ‘crucial to the future of journalism”. Poynter, April 27th. https://www.poynter.org/news/bloomberg-eic-automation-crucial-future-journalism

Muñoz, Carlos (2017). “¿Quieres saber qué implica el auge de los robots para los medios? El #periodismo en la era de la inteligencia artificial (vol. I)”. Medium, 23 junio. https://medium.com/@VocentoLab/quieres-saber-qu%C3%A9-implica-el-auge-de-los-robots-para-los-medios-73acfb908615

Napoli, Philip (2012). “Audience evolution and the future of audience research”. International journal on media management, v. 14, n. 2, pp. 79-97. https://doi.org/10.1080/14241277.2012.675753

Newman, Nic; Fletcher, Richard; Kalogeropoulos, Antonis; Levy, David; Nielsen, Rasmus-Kleis (2017). Reuters institute digital news report 2017. Reuters Institute; University of Oxford. https://goo.gl/dWnxvQ

Sandle, Tim (2018). “Op-Ed: Has this article been written by a robot?”. Digital journal, Febr. 3rd. https://goo.gl/Mgfjbs

Turing, Alan (1950). “Computing machinery and intelligence”. Mind, v. 59, n. 236, pp. 433-460. https://doi.org/10.1093/mind/LIX.236.433

Van-Dalen, Arjen (2012). “The algorithms behind the headlines”. Journalism practice, v. 6, n. 5-6, pp. 648-658. https://doi.org/10.1080/17512786.2012.667268

Villar-Gutiérrez, Miguel-Ángel (2017). “infoPlayas e infoEsquí, dos experimentos de periodismo-robot para los lectores”. Medium, 29 marzo. https://medium.com/@VocentoLab/infoplayas-e-infoesqu%C3%AD-dos-experimentos-de-periodismo-robot-para-los-lectores-53f42514d533

Villareal, Melissa (2017). “El impacto de la IA y la automatización sobre las noticias”. MediaLab press, 31 mayo. https://medialab.press/impacto-la-ia-la-automatizacion-las-noticias

Wang, Shan (2018). “This hyperlocal news site in San Francisco is reinventing itself with an automated local news wire”. NiemanLab, Febr. 5th. http://www.niemanlab.org/2018/02/this-hyperlocal-news-site-in-san-francisco-is-reinventing-itself-with-an-automated-local-news-wire

Winkler, Matthew (2012). The Bloomberg way: A guide for reporters and editors. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN: 978 1 118842331

Back to Top

Document information

Published on 29/07/18
Accepted on 29/07/18
Submitted on 29/07/18

Volume 27, Issue 4, 2018
DOI: 10.3145/epi.2018.jul.04
Licence: CC BY-NC-SA license

Document Score

0

Views 3
Recommendations 0

Share this document

claim authorship

Are you one of the authors of this document?