The continuing growth of marine container terminals is causing increasing environmental concerns among neighboring communities. The increasing container volumes have resulted in increased truck traffic and larger and faster container handling equipment. The higher truck traffic has raised concerns about diesel fumes and traffic congestion. The larger cranes have raised concerns about noise levels and visual impact. The increase in number and size of the cranes and the encroachment of the terminals and the neighboring communities on each other exacerbate the problem. This paper examines the environmental impact of the ever-increasing size of dockside container cranes on neighboring communities and presents potential solutions to reduce the impact. The paper focuses on reducing the noise levels generated by the crane operations and reducing the visual impact of the large cranes. The paper also presents case studies demonstrating designs that reduce the noise levels and visual impact of large cranes. The noise reduction technology was recently applied to new cranes in Amsterdam and other European ports. The visual impact of large cranes is currently being studied at the Port of Los Angeles. The Port of Los Angeles study also demonstrates how high level graphics is used to communicate the impact of the large cranes.

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Published on 01/01/2004

Volume 2004, 2004
DOI: 10.1061/40727(2004)108
Licence: CC BY-NC-SA license

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