This article provides a sociocultural perspective of language acquisition that focuses on the relationship between the child and the environment in which language is acquired. This relationship is revealed in children’s monologues and dialogues. By analyzing these types of speech, the article aims to explain what children do as they acquire language and why they do it. The second section of the article reviews three theoretical and methodological perspectives of child language acquisition (cognitivist, pragmatic, and sociocultural theory) and argues for an integration of theories.
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