We consider the time-dependent Stokes-Darcy problem as a model case for the challenges involved in solving coupled systems. Keeping the model, its discretization, and the underlying numerics for the subproblems in the free-flow domain and the porous medium constant, we focus on different solver approaches for the coupled problem. We compare a partitioned coupling approach using the coupling library preCICE with a monolithic block-preconditioned one that is tailored to different formulations of the problem. Both approaches enable the reuse of already available iterative solvers and preconditioners, in our case, from theDuMuxframework. Our results indicate that the approaches can yield performance and scalability improvements compared to using direct solvers: Partitioned coupling is able to solve large problems faster if iterative solvers with suitable preconditioners are applied for the subproblems. The monolithic approach shows even stronger requirements on preconditioning, as standard simple solvers fail to converge. Our monolithic block preconditioning yields the fastest runtimes for large systems, but they vary strongly with the preconditioner configuration. Interestingly, using a specialized Uzawa preconditioner for the Stokes subsystem leads to overall increased runtimes compared to block preconditioners utilizing a more general algebraic multigrid. This highlights that optimizing for the non-coupled cases does not always pay off.
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