Abstract

Soil vibration may also cause by the movement of heavy vehicles and train, which affect adjacent structures along the route. The response of soils for incoming vibration from the train is measured by the dynamic properties of soils such as shear modulus and damping ratio. These soil parameters are very significant to study the ground motion as well as the site response of soil deposits under cyclic loading and soil-structure interaction. About this, the research study has been sought to give some information about the condition, specifically the shear modulus and damping ratio of the soil along the Addis Ababa light rail transit route from Megenagna to Hayat road. Also, this study was dealt with soil distribution along the route, which was conducted to determine soil properties. The sand replacement method was also utilized to investigate the controlling factors for the dynamic soil properties. From related literature, it was known that the dynamic soil properties are influenced by soil types and location of the soil profile. Five Test pits, designated A, B, C, D & E, were considered randomly for soil sampling to determine the properties of soil. The soil samples were taken from a depth of 2.5m below the surface of the roadside. Aside from the soil laboratory testing for common tests, another test was performed using a simple cyclic shear test for the representative samples. The values of normalized shear modulus and damping ratio are compared with already known curves from literature. The research study found out that the values of normalized shear modulus G/Gmax plotted against the shear strain, showed scattered points when it was compared with the curves of Seed and Idriss. Likewise, for the wet clay from the study area, all measured points were close to the known curve of the plot. On the other hand, the values of damping ratio were also compared to curves provided by Seed and Idriss. The Soil properties from all test pits had almost closer values as seen in the plot. However, the sample collected from test Pit D has the highest value of G/Gmax only, while samples from test Pit C has high values both for Gmax and Damping ratio. Test Pit C showed values of Dry density and liquid limit higher than the other test pits. Based on the comparison of the sand; for the strain less than 1%, all measured points of G/Gmax lying close to the extended curve given by Seed and Idriss. The strain of 0.2%, measured points of G/Gmax is closed to curve plot within the boundary, and it was below the curve given by Seed and Idriss. Likewise, for saturated clay, the measured points are close to the curve of Seed and Idriss. The values of damping ratio obtained for strain less than 1% obtained within the range of either the curves given by Seed and Idriss considers sand or clay soils. For strain, less than and equal to 1% the points lie within a range of clay. Therefore, the controlling factor that affects dynamic soil properties from a comparison of shear modulus and damping ratio curves based on consolidation pressure is the confining pressure, which shows high influence on the values of shear modulus and damping ratio based on the test results of the shear strain amplitudes. Index Terms—Damping Ratio, Dynamic Properties, Index property, Normalized Shear Modulus, Sand Replacement, Shear Modulus, Shear Strain Amplitude, Simple Cyclic Shear Test.

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Published on 01/01/2017

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