Published in Finite element methods for plate and shell structures, T.J.R. Hughes, E. Hinton (Ed.) Pineridge Press, Vol. 2: Formulations and algorithms, pp. 83-101, 1986
A finite element formulation for the analysis of geometrically nonlinear shell problems is presented. Degenerated 3D elasticity elements are used for the finite element discretization of the shell. Large rotation effects are taken into account in the nonlinear large displacement kinematic description. The shell formulation is derived in detail using a Total Lagrangian approach and explicit forms of the relevant finite element matrices are given. In the last part of the chapter the obtention of the alternative Updated Lagrangian formulation is presented.