Published in Int. Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering Vol. 23 (2), pp. 253-274, 1986
A geometrically nonlinear finite element formulation based on a total Lagrangian approach for axisymmetric shells, arches and frames has been presented. The formulation allows for large displacement-large rotations of the structure. Shear deformation effects have also been taken into account. It has been shown how the formulation can be presented in a unified manner to treat simultaneously the three types of structures.