A multiscale model based on finite element (FE) and the Parametric High-Fidelity-GeneralizedMethod-of-Cells (PHFGMC) micromechanical model was formulated and implemented to solve the compression problem in unidirectional IM7/977-3 carbon epoxy composite. The nonlinear PHFGMC governing equations were obtained from a two-layered (local-global) virtual work principle and solved using a incremental-iterative formulation. In addition, the semi-analytical modified Lo and Chim failure criterion (based on the buckling of Timoshenko's beam) for unidirectional fiber-reinforced composite materials under compression [1] was adopted and combined with the FE-PHFGMC multiscale model. In this study, the criterion was employed for the general case of a multi-axial loading state accompanied with a nonlinear polymeric matrix behavior, where the local and thus effective properties of the composite change continuously throughout the loading path. Therefore the predicted lamina strength was incrementally reevaluated. In the present model, the use of the nonlinear constitutive model RambergOsgood was used for the matrix media and a linear-elastic transversely-isotropic law for the fiber, as common for carbon fibrous composites. This extends the existing criterion to account for the material microstructure with a refined parametric discretization, as well as the effect of a nonlinear constitutive law. The advantage of the proposed model is to predict the compressive damage (kink band formation and its width) and the compressive strength (within 11% of experimental data).

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Published on 11/03/21
Submitted on 11/03/21

Volume 100 - Fracture, Damage and Failure Mechanics, 2021
DOI: 10.23967/wccm-eccomas.2020.339
Licence: CC BY-NC-SA license

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