Safety assessment of historic masonry structures is a complex problem mainly due to the mechanical characteristics of their material. In the 50’s it was shown that Standard Limit Analysis is suitable for that type of structures and has proven effectiveness for simplified assessment as long as sliding collapse does not occur. This can be formulated as an optimization problem with the intention of calculating the bounds of the load factor, the maximum for static formulations and the minimum for kinematics. In the static case, it is generally assumed that a load factor lower than the referred of the onset of collapse is a safe load factor, but this assumption is false. The collapse due to the lack of stability may occur by increase or decrease of the load factor. This work presents an alternative to load factor determination to evaluate the safety of masonry structures. The possibility to incorporate one or more safety coefficients is presented applying a deterministic partial safety factor method. An important difficulty for this purpose is that usually these partial coefficients are applied to variables that are referred to the origin of coordinates. This would be appropriate for materials with similar mechanical behaviour under tension and compression stresses, but it is not the case for the typical materials employed in masonry structures like stones, bricks or similar. Materials with non-symmetric tension-compression behaviour have the origin of coordinates over the yield surface or very close to it. For this reason, the origin can hardly be considered as a safe reference point. The method proposed in this work consists of the calculation of the interior point further of the yield surface and considers it as the safest point. Considering that point as the origin of coordinates, the deterministic partial safety factors can be calculated.

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Published on 30/11/21
Submitted on 30/11/21

Volume Numerical modeling and structural analysis, 2021
DOI: 10.23967/sahc.2021.218
Licence: CC BY-NC-SA license

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