Published in Applied Numerical Mathematics Vol. 31 (3), pp. 271-293, 1999
An unstructured grid-based, parallel-free surface solver is presented. The overall scheme combines a finite-element, equal-order, projection-type 3-D incompressible flow solver with a finite element, 2-D advection equation solver for the free surface equation. For steady-state applications, the mesh is not moved every timestep, in order to reduce the cost of geometry recalculations and surface repositioning. A number of modifications required for efficient processing on shared-memory, cache-based parallel machines are discussed, and timings are shown that indicate scalability to a modest number of processors. The results show good quantitative comparison with experiments and the results of other techniques. The present combination of unstructured grids (enhanced geometrical flexibility) and good parallel performance (rapid turnaround) should make the present approach attractive to hydrodynamic design simulations.