Published in Mathematical Models and Methods in Applied Sciences Vol. 23 (02), pp. 339–367, 2013
We propose a fully Lagrangian monolithic system for the simulation of the underwater implosion of cylindrical aluminum containers. A variationally stabilized form of the Lagrangian shock hydrodynamics is exploited to deal with the ultrahigh compression shock waves that travel in both air and water domains. The aluminum cylinder, which separates the internal atmospheric-pressure air from the external high-pressure water, is modeled by a three-node rotation-free shell element. The cylinder undergoes fast transient deformations, large enough to produce self-contact along it. A novel elastic frictionless contact model is used to detect contact and compute the non-penetrating forces in the discretized domain between the mid-planes of the shell. Mesh quality in the vicinity of the cylinder is guaranteed by regenerating the mesh in the air and water domains when large displacements occur. A monolithic fluid–structure interaction (FSI) system is then solved. Two schemes are tested, implicit using the predictor/multi-corrector Bossak scheme, and explicit, using the forward Euler scheme. The results of the two simulations are compared with experimental data.