This paper aims to present, via a case study, an interdisciplinary approach towards the comprehensive analysis of historic constructions. The case study monument examined is the Medieval Manor of Potamia in Cyprus. The work hereby presented was based on a collaboration between scientists from the fields of archeology, architecture, materials science/ conservation and structural engineering. A thorough review of historical sources was initially carried out in order to obtain data concerning the history and construction development of the Manor. Extensive field work was undertaken to study the architectural typology and construction detailing of the structures and to explicitly map the various agents of pathology. For the characterization of the historic fabric, masonry materials were sampled and studied at the laboratory. The accumulated data facilitated the development of a Finite Element (FE) model, which was used to numerically assess the structure’s seismic response.

Full document

The PDF file did not load properly or your web browser does not support viewing PDF files. Download directly to your device: Download PDF document


[1] Léonce Machéras, Chronique de Chypre, (french translation by E. Miller and C. Sathas), Paris: Ernest Leroux Editeur, 1882.

[2] E. de Lusignan, Description de toute l’isle de Cypre, Paris: G. Chaudière, 1580 (reprint Nicosia 2004).

[3] Archimandrite Kyprianos, Chronological history of Cyprus, Venice, 1778 (Nicosia 1902).

[4] G. Grivaud, Excerpta Cypria nova. Voyageurs occidentaux à Chypre au xvème siècle, (Sources et études de l'histoire de Chypre, XV.) Nicosia: Centre de Recherches Scientifiques, 1990.

[5] N. Lécuyer, "Marqueurs identitaires médiévaux et modernes sur le territoire de Potamia-Agios Sozomenos," in Identités croisées en un milieu méditerranéen: le cas de Chypre, S. Fourrier & G. Grivaud (eds), Rouen, France, pp. 241-256, 2006.

[6] N. Lécuyer, "Le territoire de Potamia aux époques médiévale et moderne: acquis récents," Cahiers du Centre d’Études Chypriotes , vol. 34, pp. 11-30, 2004.

[7] S.F. Zesimou, Inventory and documentation for preservation of the royal manor of Potamia, Final Report

[8] N. Lécuyer and D. Michaelides, "Archaeological survey at Potamia-Ayios Sozomenos," In Archaeological Field Survey in Cyprus. Past History, Future Potentials. Proceedings of a Conference held by the Archaeological Research Unit of the University of Cyprus, 1-2 December 2000, M. Iacovou (ed.), London: British School at Athens Studies, vol. 11, pp. 139-149, 2004.

[9] Department of Antiquities, Annual Report of the Department of Antiquities for the year 2010, Nicosia: Printing Office of the Pepublic of Cyprus, 2016.

[10] C. Hall and W. Hoff, "Rising damp: capillary rise dynamics in walls," Proceedings of The Royal Society A, vol. 463, pp. 1871-1884, 2007.

[11] G. Massari and I. Massari, "Damp Buildings, Old and New," Bulletin of the Association for Preservation Technology, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 2-30, 1985.

[12] M. Müller, Handbuch ausgewählter Klimastationen der Erde, Trier: University of Trier, Forschungsstelle Bodenerosion, 1983.

[13] R. Illampas, I. Ioannou and D. Charmpis, "Overview of the pathology, repair and strengthening of adobe structures," International Journal of Architectural Heritage, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 165-188, 2013.

[14] I. Ioannou and R. Illampas, "Durability of earth masonry," in Long-term performance and durability of masonry and historical structures, Ghiassi B. and Lourenco P.B., Eds., Woodhead Publishing, pp. 89-127, 2018.

[15] EN 1936, Natural stone test methods. Determination of real density and apparent density, and of total and open porosity, Brussels: CEN, 2006.

[16] EN 1925, Natural stone test methods. Determination of water absorption coefficient by capillarity, Brussels: CEN, 1999.

[17] EN 1926, Natural stone test methods. Determination of uniaxial compressive strength, Brussels: CEN, 2006.

[18] G. Wright, Ancient building in Cyprus Vol. 1, Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1992.

[19] R. Illampas, I. Ioannou and D. Charmpis, "Adobe bricks under compression: Experimental investigation and derivation of stress–strain equation," Construction and Building Materials, vol. 53, no. 1, pp. 83-90, 2014.

[20] EN 1996-1-1, Eurocode 6: Design of masonry structures - Part 1-1: General rules for reinforced and unreinforced masonry, Brussels: CEN, 2005.

[21] A. Marques, J. Morais, P. Morais, M. Veiga, C. Santos, P. Candeias and J. Ferreira, "Modulus of elasticity of mortars: Static and dynamic analyses," Construction and Building Materials, vol. 232, pp. 1-9, 2020.

[22] C. Syrmakezis and P. Asteris, "Masonry failure criterion under biaxial stress state," Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 58-64, 2001.

[23] EN 1998-1 , Eurocode 8: Design of structures for earthquake resistance - Part 1: General rules, seismic actions and rules for buildings, Brussels: CEN, 2004.

[24] P. Asteris, "On the Structural Analysis and Seismic Protection of Historical Masonry Structures," The Open Construction and Building Technology Journal, vol. 2, pp. 124- 133, 2008.

Back to Top

Document information

Published on 30/11/21
Submitted on 30/11/21

Volume Interdisciplinary projects and case studies, 2021
DOI: 10.23967/sahc.2021.083
Licence: CC BY-NC-SA license

Document Score


Views 5
Recommendations 0

Share this document

claim authorship

Are you one of the authors of this document?