The main aim of international comparative studies is to identify trends in the functioning and development of vocational education and training systems, to describe institutional units that ensure successful development of VET system and to identify bottlenecks and problem areas that need to be addressed. Basing on the data obtained, methodological recommendations for the implementation of best practices are usually compiled. When conducting this study, we were limited in information resources, since the topic of VET systems in developing countries of Asia are out of focus for most scientific institutions and researchers. Basing on the existing methodological approaches of international organizations, an analytical framework was developed. Its application made possible, despite scarce information resources, to conduct research of the functioning of VET systems in India, China in the context of global turbulent economic situation. The results obtained testify the great heterogeneity of VET systems. In India even today the most important task remains teaching basic literacy to the majority of population, creating acceptable conditions for students in educational institutions, expanding the availability of vocational education. At the same time, China faces the challenge of transforming the economy into innovative one, and the world's largest VET system must be adapted to the needs of this economy. The implementation of unified and standard solutions derived from the 'reference' systems of vocational education of European countries is unlikely to give a stable positive effect in developing countries. The main conclusion that can be drawn from the results of the analysis conducted is that VET systems are a product of the politics, economy and culture of their countries. Their institutional structure is unique in each case and the mechanisms that allow it to fulfill tasks and to develop require a close and rigorous study. In case of some structural changes to implement, preliminary experimental work is a necessity. The purpose of the preprint is to present the results of a carried comparative analysis of the functioning and development process of vocational education and training systems in developing countries basing on developed analytical framework that makes possible to

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Published on 19/10/23
Submitted on 11/10/23

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