This study aims to analyze the effects (e.g. changes of power and processes) of the e-freight initiative introduced by IATA on the air freight supply chain network by focusing on two specific cases within the U.S. and Chinese market. After identifying two representative cases (cross sectional), data was gathered using semi- structured interviews, additional data provided by the participants, as well as secondary data, such as annual reports and case studies. The findings are analyzed using key words and suitable categories. A power model based on the current situation of the air freight supply chain is developed by analyzing the circumstances while implementing e-AWB/e-freight. This model can be used to add to the existing gap within the present literature framework. Further, changes regarding the supply chain network, especially processes and information flow were identified. Lastly, mainly positive (e.g. increased sustainability of the transportation process) as well as some negative effects (e.g. investments of the dual process) are mentioned in a de- tailed manner. Limitations of the study include a research population of two major actors of the air freight supply chain network, as well as a theoretical framework primarily based on literature and the fact that the study focuses on a cross sectional time period. Future research would include an analysis of all involved actors, while including IATA as the trade association, of the air freight supply chain, and especially issues related to customs procedures. Also, a longitudinal study, a more in depth analysis of the power distribution and any related changes should be of interest.
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