Currently, worldwide, many nations are paying close attention to the improvement and optimization of the usage of recycled materials in the building sector. The increase in the raw materials and the increased environmental awareness have gained considerable importance on a global scale. In road engineering, the waste material is used for the design and construction of pavements. Ecology, energy efficiency, profitability and significant reduction of the construction time are the primary drivers of this proposal. However, social and legislative aspects have prevented these types of procedures are implemented successfully in most developing countries. In this article, we analyze some of the main trends in the use of waste materials for the design and construction of pavements.