Published in *Comput. Methods Appl. Mech. Engrg.* Vol. 274, pp. 237-263, 2014

doi: 10.1016/j.cma.2014.02.011

The simulation of engineering problems is quite often a complex task that can be time consuming. In this context, the use of Hyper Reduced Order Models (HROMs) is a promising alternative for real-time simulations. In this work, we study the design of HROMs for non-linear problems with a moving source. Applications to nonlinear phase change problems with temperature dependent thermophysical properties are particularly considered; however, the techniques developed can be applied in other fields as well.

A basic assumption in the design of HROMs is that the quantities that will be hyper-reduced are *k-compressible* in a certain basis in the sense that these quantities have at most k non-zero significant entries when expressed in terms of that basis. To reach the computational speed required for a real-time application, k must be small. This work examines different strategies for addressing hyper-reduction of the nonlinear terms with the objective of obtaining *k-compressible* signals with a notably small k. To improve performance and robustness, it is proposed that the different contributing terms to the residual are separately hyper-reduced. Additionally, the use of moving reference frames is proposed to simulate and hyper-reduce cases that contain moving heat sources. Two application examples are presented: the solidification of a cube in which no heat source is present and the welding of a tube in which the problem posed by a moving heat source is analysed.

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Published on 14/02/19

Submitted on 14/02/19

DOI: 10.1016/j.cma.2014.02.011

Licence: CC BY-NC-SA license

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