Published in International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids Vol. 30 (2), pp. 161-178, 1999
This paper presents a methodology for solving shape optimization problems in the context of fluid flow problems including adaptive remeshing. The method is based on the computation of the sensitivities of the geometrical design parameters, the mesh, the flow variables and the error estimator to project the refinement parameters from one design to the next. The efficiency of the proposed method is checked out in two 2D optimization problems using a full potential model coupled with a boundary layer model. The first one corresponds to an internal flow problem and the second one corresponds to an external flow problem. The work presented here can be considered as a continuation of previous work (Bugeda and Oñate, Int. J. Numer. Methods Fluids, 20, 915–924 (1995)). In that paper, the sensitivity analysis corresponding to both an incompressible potential flow and a Euler flow were derived together with a strategy for the adaptive remeshing. In the present paper, the sensitivity analysis is derived for a full potential flow coupled with a boundary layer model, and a new error estimator is employed.