This study examines the acoustic performance of a double-wall system with a porous layer and conducts a global sensitivity analysis of sound transmission loss. The authors use the transfer matrix method to predict sound transmission, which provides cost-effective modeling of complex acoustic interactions and detailed high-frequency information. The method employs transfer matrices to represent sound wave propagation in each layer, considers material characteristics and layer thickness, and incorporates interface matrices for boundary conditions. The poroelastic layer is modeled using the Biot-Allard approach with nine parameters. Morris and Sobol methods are applied for global sensitivity analysis, identifying significant parameters. The investigation focuses on eleven parameters, including foam properties and layer thicknesses. The findings indicate the impact of geometric parameters at lower frequencies and foam properties at higher frequencies. This study is the first to optimize sound transmission in double-wall systems with porous layers using sensitivity analysis methods, offering insights for system behavior and design
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