The actual growth of urban economic activities and simple movements of peoples and goods measured through its primary transport system. The requirements of the pedestrian should be considered in the design of the urban environment and transportation facilities. Since road infrastructure improvements and designed pedestrian environments are an essential part of road safety enhancements that increase walking and decrease fatalities. This study investigated the pedestrian safety problems and its countermeasures on road segments in Nekemte city. This study examined the existing issues affecting the safety of pedestrian movement, evaluates the service quality of walking facilities, and finally identified the most significant factors affecting pedestrian safety with engineering countermeasures in the city. For the data analysis, the study used both objective measurements and subjective assessments to model PLOS using Australian methods. As per field study indicates 60% of the respondents' think the sidewalk is not user-friendly. In the city, the built road infrastructure is lacking pedestrian facility management and appropriate maintenance activities. Since the walkways in Nekemte city, in general, have almost the same problems like non-continuous, crack, and non-covered utility holes which are difficult especially for pedestrians with disabilities. The current sidewalk is encroached either by vendors, utility poles, parking carts or illegal construction materials in different places, and crosswalk facilities are not visible and not enough provided at a logical distance. The Pedestrian LOS analysis indicates that poor pedestrian conditions exist and the factors that negatively affect pedestrian LOS are wide-ranging in this city road segment. It concluded that Pedestrian facilities and all the concerned factors should be provided and maintained to more efficient for both encouraging people to walk and improve pedestrian safety.