International audience; As mobile applications deliver increasingly complex functionalities, the demands for even more intensive computation would quickly transcend energy capability of mobile devices. On one hand and in an attempt to address such issues, fog computing paradigm is introduced to mitigate the limited energy and computation resources available within constrained mobile devices, by moving computation resources closer to their users at the edge of the access network. On another hand, most of electric vehicles (EVs), with increasing computation, storage and energy capabilities, spend more than 90% of time on parking lots. In this paper, we conceive the basic idea of using the underutilized computation resources of parked EVs as fog nodes in order to provide on-demand computation at the vicinity of the access network. The proposed Vehicular Fog Computing (VFC) architecture aggregates the abundant unused resources of parked vehicles, and uses it to serve mobile users' demands. The resource allocation problem is formulated as a Markov Decision Process (MDP) and dynamic programming is used to solve the underling decision problem. Extensive simulation results show the effectiveness of the proposed approach by improving the global reward value by 51% and scoring an energy gain of 66% compared to two other models.
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