C. Chen, . Yung-Tzi
Chen, . Kuang-Te
Wang, . Shou-Chuan
Shih, . Chuan-Chuan
Liu, . Jen-Yuan
Kuo, C. Hou, . Yih-Jer
Wu, . Chung-Lieh
Hung, . Hung-I
Advanced age is associated with left ventricular (LV) remodeling and impaired diastole. The association among aging, mitral leaflet closure (EF slope), cardiac structures, and diastolic indices in an asymptomatic Taiwanese population is largely unknown. We studied 8103 asymptomatic participants (49.5 ± 11.6 years, 38.2% women) from a health evaluation cohort (2004–2012) in a tertiary center in Taiwan. Echo-derived LV structure/function, and M-mode based EF slope (mm/s) and serum NT-proBNP level were obtained. The association between EF slope and the other clinical or echo-based parameters was investigated. Average values for EF slope among various age groups in the Taiwanese population were determined for both genders. Advanced age was associated with reductions in EF slope (adjusted estimate: − 0.35/per decade). Reduced EF slope was associated with older age, higher blood pressure and greater body mass index in multivariate models (all p < 0.05). Reduced EF slope was correlated with greater cardiac concentricity, abnormal E′ and E/E′ (AUROC: 0.74 and 0.77, respectively, both p < 0.05) and elevated NT-proBNP (Coef: 5.98 pg/mL, per − 10 mm/s EF slope, 95% CI: 7.82 to 4.17, p < 0.001). EF-slope also clearly discriminated individuals with abnormal estimated LV filling (E/E′ categorized by < 8, ≥ 8 & < 15, ≥ 15, ANOVA p < 0.001). EF-slope reduction in the asymptomatic Taiwanese population was correlated with age, several unfavorable LV remodeling, and impaired diastolic function parameters, and EF-slope can be an effective clinical diagnostic tool for identifying poor E′ and elevated LV filling pressure. In addition, our data provided reference values for EF-slope in various age groups.
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Published on 19/05/17Submitted on 19/05/17
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