This article reveals the change law of the head loss and critical deposition velocity during hydraulic transmission of a solid–liquid two-phase pipeline. This article also establishes a physical test model. A single variable is used to conduct the experimental research by changing the conditions of the pipeline flow rate, the sediment concentration, and the reverse slope degree. Based on an analysis of the test process, a new formula is proposed to determine the critical sedimentation rate of the pipeline that considers a change in the adverse slope. By analyzing the variation rule of the hydraulic slope of the pipeline sediment in different states and comparing the hydraulic slope of the horizontal pipeline and reverse pipeline in different states, different factors that influence head loss are revealed. Finally, the measured value of this test is compared with the Durand equation and the Worster equation. It was found that the measured value of this test was more similar to the Durand equation. This study not only provides theoretical support for sand removal in pipelines but also promotes sedimentation in reservoirs.

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The different versions of the original document can be found in:

https://doaj.org/toc/2073-4441 under the license https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
https://academic.microsoft.com/#/detail/3097033584 under the license https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
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Published on 01/01/2020

Volume 2020, 2020
DOI: 10.3390/w12113042
Licence: Other

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