Current transportation infrastructures are not designed to handle unexpected and undesired events or disasters. Emergency Vehicles (EV) such as ambulances, malfunctioning or broken cars, and accidents may appear at any time at any spot in the traffic. Less likely but not inevitably, there might be fires, terrorist attacks, earthquakes which will cause panic behaviour and unexpected traffic congestion. The challenge in our framework is the proposition of a range of innovative solutions for intelligent and efficient traffic management in Emergency and Disaster Management (EDM). In this paper, we propose a multilevel infrastructure which is dynamically reconfigured and thus allows a trade-off between total cost, energy consumption and quality of service in EDM.
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