Purpose: Because of low inter-raters' agreement on specific flow pattern and high inter-raters' agreement on bell vs. non-bell patterns, we developed a novel classification of uroflowmetry to improve inter-raters' agreement in interpreting uroflowmetry.

Materials and Methods: Uroflowmetry curves are classified as:, grade 1 typical bell; grade 2 bell with significant fluctuations; grade 3 probably bell; and grade 4 non-bell which is further classified as interrupted, staccato, obstructive and plateau patterns. Definition of each grade and typical curves were taught to a junior urologist. First 50 consecutive curves were reviewed independently by the junior and senior urologist. Results of interpretation were compared and discussed to reach consensus. Then both reviewed another 50 curves independently again. Difference in one and two grades is regarded as minor and major difference, respectively. Difference in bell vs. non-bell pattern is regarded as major difference, and difference between abnormal patterns is regarded as minor difference.

Results: Mean age of the 100 patients was 67.8+/−13.1 years. Of the first 50 curves, 12 (24%) and 3 (6%) were minor and major grade difference; 5 and 6 were minor and major pattern difference. Of the second 50 curves 16 (32%) and 0 were minor and major grade difference; 9 (18%) and 7 (14%) were minor and major pattern difference.

Conclusion: Grade of normalcy may improve inter-raters' agreement. Through teaching and practice, major grade difference can be avoided, while major pattern difference remained.

Back to Top

Document information

Published on 04/10/16

Licence: Other

Document Score

0

Views 2
Recommendations 0

Share this document

claim authorship

Are you one of the authors of this document?