This study demonstrates that the use of a flared-shape rotor structure in interior permanent magnet (IPM) permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) yields better performance than the basic IPM PMSM motor, using a spoke structure with ferrite magnets. To concentrate the effective magnetic flux, the proposed rotor structure is composed of a number of ferrite magnets, which are inserted in a flared shape in the rotor core. This paper shows the comparison with the analysis results of 2D finite element method (FEM), and it is shown that the proposed IPM PMSM motor can be an effective substitute for the basic IPM PMSM motor, which requires low torque ripple and high efficiency. In particular, the proposed flared IPM PMSM motor has lower pulsation of torque and superior efficiency, as well as lower acoustic noise and vibration, compared to the basic IPM PMSM motor. To verify the performance improvement of the proposed model, a prototype of the proposed model was manufactured. It was experimentally confirmed that the proposed model has lower torque ripple and higher efficiency than the basic model. Based on this performance improvement, the proposed flared IPM PMSM motor is suitable for electric vehicles and home appliances.
Document type: Article
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