Abstract

Non-recurring traffic congestion is caused by temporary disruptions, such as accidents, sports games, adverse weather, etc. We use data related to real-time traffic speed, jam factors (a traffic congestion indicator), and events collected over a year from Nashville, TN to train a multi-layered deep neural network. The traffic dataset contains over 900 million data records. The network is thereafter used to classify the real-time data and identify anomalous operations. Compared with traditional approaches of using statistical or machine learning techniques, our model reaches an accuracy of 98.73 percent when identifying traffic congestion caused by football games. Our approach first encodes the traffic across a region as a scaled image. After that the image data from different timestamps is fused with event- and time-related data. Then a crossover operator is used as a data augmentation method to generate training datasets with more balanced classes. Finally, we use the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis to tune the sensitivity of the classifier. We present the analysis of the training time and the inference time separately.


Original document

The different versions of the original document can be found in:

http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/bigdata.2017.8258162
https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8258162,
https://academic.microsoft.com/#/detail/2963024417
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Published on 01/01/2018

Volume 2018, 2018
DOI: 10.1109/bigdata.2017.8258162
Licence: CC BY-NC-SA license

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