The market for driver-assistance systems for modern automobiles is rapidly growing. Formerly only provided for the luxury automotive market, these systems are nowadays more and more available for mid- and compact-class vehicles as well. This development is not only limited to the passenger car segment but is also more and more important for commercial vehicles and trucks. Some driving assistance systems have already become mandatory, e.g., the antilock breaking system (ABS). Some governments are currently thinking about requiring automatic distance control by law for heavy trucks. Automatic distance control in combination with an automatic emergency breaking system is one of the rising stars for enhancing traffic safety. Radar- based distance control mostly interacts with cruise control systems and it adapts the speed of the driver's car to the distance to the car or obstacle in front of the vehicle. Furthermore, unavoidable accidents are detected and actions for reducing the effects of the crash are automatically initiated for some systems. © 2012 IEEE.
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