Recently, coal mining in Jining has extended to the crowded cities and villages, bringing out the deformation of the rock in these areas, which leads to the damage of the civil and industrial buildings. Therefore, the ground surface deformation and the damage characteristics of the buildings have been studied, and appropriate safety measures have been taken according to different damage characteristics to reduce or even to avoid the damage of the buildings. The effect of different mining schemes on the ground has been analyzed, and the effects on important buildings have been studied. Safety measures have been taken on the space truss, oil tanks and pipelines of gas station and tensile stress of soil have been released by pressure releasing groove around the station. Some conclusions have reference significance for other relevant projects.
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