With the strengthening of environmental protection awareness, carbon emission has become an important factor in the study of petroleum supply chain. This paper studies the petroleum supply chain from the view of carbon emission by combining with the choice of facilities location selection, production, transportation arrangement, and carbon tax policy. Researchers divide the source of crude oil into domestic crude oil and imported crude oil, and also establish a two-stage stochastic model, which is based on the volatility of the price of imported crude oil. Preliminary numerical result reveals that with the emphasis on the carbon factor, the petroleum supply chain prefers to pipeline transportation and imported cru de oil, so that the carbon emissions may be controlled effectively.
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