In this study, the comparison of lava sand, pumice, and natural zeolite as lightweight aggregate in air lime mortars, natural hydraulic lime mortars, and cement-lime mortars has been investigated with emphasis on the resistance of salt and ice crystallization. The lava sand and pumice improved frost resistance of the mortars while natural zeolite mortars remained without this effect due to their high water absorption. Salt crystallization resistance of the mortars was improved by using lava sand and natural pumice, while the mortars with natural zeolite were not resistant to crystallization of sodium chloride. The mortars have relatively little resistance to the reacting of Na2SO4, where gypsum and calcium sulfoaluminates were formed breaking the structure of the mortars. The best results were obtained using natural pumice.