In a context of downturn of public investment after the financial crisis of 2007, an increase of social and economic inequality takes place in territories and cities. Socio-residential vulnerability is intensified in certain urban areas where processes of socioeconomic and socio-spatial regression are related with the resident population difficulties to access resources for the intervention and maintenance of an aging residential building stock that gradually decays. Mediterranean cities in Southern Europe and precisely the city of Barcelona face the added difficulty of counting with a residential built stock of mostly private property, accounting many situations of horizontal property in which each building is managed by a community of owners who are not necessary householders and users. The present study consists of an analysis of the relation between the state of maintenance of residential buildings and the property regime, tenancy and uses, based on the observation of common spaces and elements of a large sample of buildings located in the most vulnerable areas of the city of Barcelona. The provided results can contribute to foster improvements in future public rehabilitation programs and policies. Particularly according to local challenges to guarantee and promote durability of a mostly privatelyowned residential built stock that is located in areas where socioeconomic difficulties hinder the residents’ capacity to carry out rehabilitation or maintenance actions. Management of the maintenance of the residential built stock must take into account the repercussion of particularities in property regimes, tenancy and uses, especially when it refers to common spaces and elements of residential buildings.
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