Variations in environmental conditions can affect the structural performance of timber components and constructions. Especially in case of historic masonry buildings, where timber elements can be found either in roof or floor structures, intrinsic defects (e.g., knots, cracks, degradation), as well as the surrounding environmental conditions (e.g., temperature and moisture) can play an important role in the assessment of the mechanical response of the elements. In this connection, non-destructive (ND) and minor-destructive (MD) procedures are used to investigate the onsite conditions of wood, which are commonly based on either tool penetration resistance or wave transmission devices. In the paper, the influence of moisture content (MC) measured with various devices on a series of both old and new timber elements was compared. The elements made of various wood species (mainly red fir, but also white fir, pine and larch) were subjected to laboratory ND and MD testing by three research groups. Results showed the low influence of the MC on MD tests (i.e., resistance drilling and pin penetration) in comparison to the ND (i.e., sonic/ultrasonic) ones. Correlation relationships are provided, which illustrate and approximatively quantify the effect of MC for the experimentally investigated conditions and test equipment.

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Published on 30/11/21
Submitted on 30/11/21

Volume Inspection methods, non-destructive techniques and laboratory testing, 2021
DOI: 10.23967/sahc.2021.130
Licence: CC BY-NC-SA license

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