The fire safety effect of using fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) as the primary construction material in a fishing research vessel was studied by fire simulations. The effect of FRP structures on fire development was assessed by comparing the simulated gas temperatures and potential heat releases with FRP and steel structures. The structural integrity of FRP structures was assessed using simulated temperatures of the structures as indicators of integrity. The effect of protective mineral wool and intumescent coating layers was also quantified. The results showed that despite the protection, the structural integrity of FRP bulkheads could be compromised in fire conditions. Mineral wool was found to be better protection than the intumescent coating: it can either prevent or postpone the pyrolysis of the FRP bulkhead, depending on the fire exposure.