In the early 20th century, rapid industrial growth around the world enabled the development of many advanced mechanical structures. Some of these structures were successfully used to improve agricultural efficiency or increase people’s comfort. Such a situation was observed in 1910 in the western part of Poland, which at the time was partitioned by Habsburg Austria, the Kingdom of Prussia, and the Russian Empire. In the city of Poznan, a Polish landlord built an advanced structure to automate his farming, using freely available wind energy. At first glance, it was a classic windmill, with a multi-blade wind turbine fixed to the top of a cylindrical masonry tower. However, some additional elements demonstrate the uniqueness of such a structure at the time. One hundred years later, the structure is located at the centre of a rapidly growing area of the city. For that reason, restoration of the tower is complex and requires the reconstruction of damaged or missing elements while observing new safety regulations. In this work, the author presents the basic assumptions necessary for the future renovation process.

Full document

The PDF file did not load properly or your web browser does not support viewing PDF files. Download directly to your device: Download PDF document


[1] Gustowski A., Pamiętnik Wystawy Przemysłowej w Poznaniu z roku 1908, Wielkopolska Biblioteka Cyfrowa 2018 pp.102 (in Polish), www.wbc.poznan.pl/publication/12043 .

[2] Fleming P.D. and Proben S.D., The Evolution of Wind-Turbines: An Historical Review Applied Energy 18, 1984, pp. 163-177

[3] Neuman F., Die Windkraftmaschinen, Lipsk 1907, pp. 174

[4] Szowheniw J., Silniki Wietrzne

[5] Dybizbanski J., Leszkiewicz J., Projekt rekonstrukcji zabytkowej turbiny wietrznej, Poznan University of Technology 2020, BSc thesis, pp.50 (in Polish).

Back to Top

Document information

Published on 30/11/21
Submitted on 30/11/21

Volume Conservation of 20th c. architectural heritage, 2021
DOI: 10.23967/sahc.2021.202
Licence: CC BY-NC-SA license

Document Score


Views 14
Recommendations 0

Share this document


claim authorship

Are you one of the authors of this document?