Brooks Aqueduct in Alberta, Canada is one of the largest and most sophisticated reinforced concrete aqueducts in the world. Now a national historic site, Brooks Aqueduct was built in 1914. The structure suffers from cracking and degradation in certain locations. To find out the possible main causes of potential overstress and damage in the different areas of the structure, it was evaluated by site inspections, some laboratory tests and analyzed numerically using Abaqus finite element software. Results of the numerical analysis are compared with the inspection and testing results and conclusions are made about the causes of deterioration and ways to conserve and repair the structure.

Full document

The PDF file did not load properly or your web browser does not support viewing PDF files. Download directly to your device: Download PDF document


[1] Manz, D.H. and Loov, R.E. Brooks Aqueduct. Canadian J. of Civil Engineering (1899), pp. 684-692.

[2] Finch, D. The Brooks Aqueduct, A Technological and Engineering History 1912-79. Environment Canada, Canadian Parks Services Report Series 360 (1988).

[3] Finch, D. Much Brain and Sinew: The Brooks Aqueduct Story. (1993), p. 50.

[4] Quinn Saretskey Structural Engineers Inc. Brooks Structural Assessment Report (2006).

[5] ISL Engineering. Brooks Aqueduct, Quantitative Engineering Assessment (2016).

[6] Dassault Systems. Abaqus 6.14 Analysis User’s Guide (2014).

[7] Kmiecik, P. and Kamiński, M. Modelling of reinforced concrete structures and composite structures with concrete strength degradation taken into consideration. Archives of Civil and Mechanical Eng. (2011), vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 623–636.

[8] Sümer, Y. and Aktaş, M. Defining parameters for concrete damage plasticity model, Challange J. of Structurl Mechanics (2015), vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 149–155.

[9] Morgan, D.R. Compatibility of concrete repair materials and systems. Construction and Building Materials (1996). vol. 10, no. 1 SPEC. ISS., pp. 57–67.

Back to Top

Document information

Published on 30/11/21
Submitted on 30/11/21

Volume Conservation of 20th c. architectural heritage, 2021
DOI: 10.23967/sahc.2021.262
Licence: CC BY-NC-SA license

Document Score


Views 11
Recommendations 0

Share this document

claim authorship

Are you one of the authors of this document?