International Series in Operations Research & Management ScienceInternational container transport is the backbone of global supply chains. Hinterland transport, the transport from the port to the final destination and vice versa, is an important component of international container transport. However, academic attention to hinterland transport has emerged only recently. This chapter discusses business models and network design in hinterland transport. Understanding business models is relevant, as many different types of companies (e.g., shipping lines, terminal operating companies and forwarders) play a role in hinterland transport. Their business models influence how they position themselves in the market, their stance concerning cooperation and coordination in hinterland transport, and their scope in network design. Network design is a core issue in hinterland transport. New services need to be designed—and in such a way that they are expected to be profitable. Furthermore, current service patterns only change through deliberate redesign. So competition through the (re)design of transport services is a very important—perhaps the most important—form of competition in intermodal freight transport. One potentially promising innovation in this respect is the extended gate concept, where an inland hub becomes the ‘virtual gate’ of the deep sea terminal.
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