With several requests by readers to upload original Chinese characters for references, the references are revised like below.

References

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  • Vowel shortening : Bubuiumbap(부뷔움밥) evolved into Bibimbap when ‘ui’ became ‘i’ due to vowel shortening as single vowelization.
  • Vowel retro assimilation phenomena (逆行同化): The vowel ‘Bu(부)‘ in ‘부비다’ is affected by following ‘Bi(비)’ and changed into same vowel as “Bi(비)’, so called as “비비다’.
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  • ‘今人用菜茹和肉、油醬炒熟,拌和白飯,俗呼“骨董飯”。社飯之制,與“汩董飯”相似,而特肉多菜少耳’ quated from Limwon-sibyukji(林園十六志)[22]
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  • The teaching of the Yin-Yang and Five-elements Theory (陰陽五行說) consists of two parts: light (sunny, 日)/dark (night, 月) and five elements. Together they were believed to govern the universe. Light and dark consist of moon and sun and five movements consist of fire (火, red) wood(木, green or blue), water (水, black), soil(土, yellow), and metal or gold (金, white). Each day of the week was named after these seven elements: sun for Sunday(日), moon for Monday (月), fire for Tuesday (火), water for Wednesday(水), wood for Thursday(木), metal for Friday(金) and earth or soil Saturday (土).
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