fossil fuels are depleted and their environmental impacts remain, other sources of energy must be considered to generate power. Renewable sources, for example, are emerging to play a major role in this regard.  In parallel, electric vehicle (EV) charging is evolving as a major load demand.  To meet reliability and resiliency goals demanded by the electricity market, interest in microgrids are growing as a distributed energy resource (DER).  In this thesis, the effects of intermittent renewable power generation and random EV charging on secondary microgrid circuits are analyzed in the presence of a controllable battery in order to characterize and better understand the dynamics associated with intermittent power production and random load demands in the context of the microgrid paradigm.For two reasons, a secondary circuit on the University of California, Irvine (UCI) Microgrid serves as the case study.  First, the secondary circuit (UC-9) is heavily loaded and an integral component of a highly characterized and metered microgrid.   Second, a unique "next-generation" distributed energy resource has been deployed at the end of the circuit that integrates photovoltaic power generation, battery storage, and EV charging.In order to analyze this system and evaluate the impact of the DER on the secondary circuit, a model was developed to provide a real-time load flow analysis. The research develops a power management system applicable to similarly integrated systems. The model is verified by metered data obtained from a network of high resolution electric meters and estimated load data for the buildings that have unknown demand. An increase in voltage is observed when the amount of photovoltaic power generation is increased. To mitigate this effect, a constant power factor is set.  Should the real power change dramatically, the reactive power is changed to mitigate voltage fluctuations.

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Published on 01/01/2014

Volume 2014, 2014
Licence: CC BY-NC-SA license

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