Abstract

The current paper focusses on the hazard assessment associated with urban runoff on streets. A review of the existing criteria to evaluate such a hazard is made. Two new criteria based on theoretical analysis of the water's force acting on a static pedestrian are presented: no slipping criterion and stability to tilt criterion. According to these criteria, either a maximum depth, or a maximum velocity or some relation between depths and velocities should be fulfilled in order to guarantee the pedestrian's and driver's safety in the case of medium to large storms. A one-dimensional numerical model is used to solve the urban storm runoff within a street network. This model is applied to an urban watershed of the city of Mendoza (Argentina), obtaining the runoff values belonging to return periods of 5, 10 and 25 years. The results are evaluated bearing in mind four hazard criteria. In conclusion, the numerical model is shown to be a useful tool in relation to the application of the hazards criteria. It is also conclude that an effort should be made to determine specific hazard criteria based on experimental data.

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Published on 01/01/2007

DOI: 10.1080/15730620701365793
Licence: CC BY-NC-SA license

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