This paper is concerned with the modeling of power dissipation due to friction and its relation with wear estimation in wheel–rail contact. In contact models, wear is usually described in terms of the wear depth function. This function modifies the gap between the contacting bodies as well as the shape of the surfaces of the wheel and rail in contact. In this paper, besides the wear depth function, the dissipated energy, rather than the contact stress, is taken into account to evaluate the wear impact on rail or wheel surfaces. The dissipated energy allows us to more precisely evaluate the wear debris amount as well as the depth of wear and its distribution along the contact interface. A two-dimensional rolling contact problem with frictional heat flow is considered. The elasto-plastic deformation of the rail is assumed. This contact problem is governed by a coupled system of mechanical and thermal equations in terms of generalized stresses, displacement and temperature. The finite element method is used to discretize this problem. The generalized Newton method is applied to numerically solve this mechanical subproblem. The dissipated power is evaluated based on the resultant force and slip at a reference point. Numerical results including the distribution of slip velocity, power factor and wear rate are provided and discussed.

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Published on 01/07/24
Accepted on 01/07/24
Submitted on 01/07/24

Volume Fluid-Structure Interaction, Contact and Interfaces, 2024
DOI: 10.23967/wccm.2024.111
Licence: CC BY-NC-SA license

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