Flow-accelerated corrosion (FAC) wear is the complex mechanism of damage of elements of NPP equipment and pipelines. FAC rate is determined by such factors as corrosion of metal, flow hydrodynamics, geometry of equipment elements and pipelines, applied water chemistry regimes (WCR), duration of operation, chemical composition of the metal, thickness of deposited corrosion product film and others. Approaches to the assessment of FAC rate according to the control data are addressed in the present study. Implemented investigation was aimed at the substantiation of the methodology of calculation of FAC rate. Absence of the methodology for calculation of FAC rate does not allow verification of calculation programs, as well as the use of data of regulatory documents on the minimum permissible thicknesses  for evaluating the residual lifetime. Processing of measured data allowed determining the main indexes of FAC process such as the values of wall thinning and thickening, rates of wall thinning and thickening, residual operation time to the moment of reaching the minimum permissible thickness. Reduction of thickness is determined by corrosion of metal and its increase is determined by the formation of deposited film of corrosion products. The process of corrosion products deposition on the internal surfaces of the element proceeds simultaneously with the process of thinning of the wall. Presence of this process results in the situation when the residual lifetime of equipment elements under the conditions of deposition of corrosion products is technically increased. At the same time the real state of the wall under the layer of deposited corrosion products is unknown, as well as the initial wall thickness. In order to bring the calculated results closer to the real situation it is necessary to use substantiated and verified methodology in the calculations of FAC rate according to the data of control measurements. The implemented study allowed suggesting the methodology of calculation of FAC rate taking into account the technological tolerances on the sizes and taking into account the influence of deposits on the initial and minimum thicknesses. Safety factor was also introduced for calculating the residual lifetime which is taken into account in the international practices because of the same reason. Introduction of correction coefficients allows enhancing the conservatism of calculations of residual lifetime characteristics by approximately 2.5 times compared with calculations performed on the base of nominal thickness.
Document type: Article
The different versions of the original document can be found in:
DOIS: 10.1016/j.nucet.2016.07.005 10.26583/npe.2016.2.06
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