Abstract

We present a hybrid cell‐centred/vertex model for mechanically simulating planar cellular monolayers undergoing cell reorganisation. Cell centres are represented by a triangular nodal network, while the cell boundaries are formed by an associated vertex network. The two networks are coupled through a kinematic constraint which we allow to relax progressively. Special attention is paid to the change of cell‐cell connectivity due to cell reorganisation or remodelling events. We handle these situations by using a variable resting length and applying an Equilibrium‐Preserving Mapping on the new connectivity, which computes a new set of resting lengths that preserve nodal and vertex equilibrium. We illustrate the properties of the model by simulating monolayers subjected to imposed extension and during a wound healing process. The evolution of forces and the Equilibrium‐Preserving Mapping are analysed during the remodelling events. As a by‐product, the proposed technique enables to recover fully vertex or fully cell‐centred models in a seamless manner by modifying a numerical parameter of the model.

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Published on 01/01/2018

DOI: 10.1002/cnm.2928
Licence: CC BY-NC-SA license

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