The main focus of this report is on the initial period of the World Bankâs engagement with transport in cities (1972-82). This study looks at the project practice in light of the strategy document, Urban Transport Sector paper which was published in 1975 to guide the Bankâs lending program. The strategy focused on the relation between poverty and transport, recommending a spatially-extensive, low-cost, and price-based response to access and traffic problems; improvements in provision of public transport services; and coordination between land use and transport planning. The report presents a thorough analysis of the Bankâs strategy and practice in the urban transport sector as well as overview of lessons learned, including from projects that did not achieve their planned objectives. Overall, these pioneering efforts in both strategy and practice were well conceived and executed and played a catalytic role in most client cities.
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