Introduction: Competencies are understood as an integrated combination of knowledge skills and attitudes conducive to adequate and timely performance in various contexts of the health team.Objective: to carry out a comparative analysis of the competencies of the nursing staff in the care of the mother and newborn in the Neonatology and Obstetrics services.Methods: An observational, descriptive, retrospective, cross-sectional, retrospective study was carried out. The sample consisted of 65 nurses from a public institution of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires, of whom 34 belonged to the Neonatology service and 31 to the Obstetrics service.Results: 84.62% were female, the average age was 45.09±9.94, and 63.08% had a degree in Nursing. Higher values were obtained in the obstetrics service in the three dimensions; on the other hand, there were significant differences between the own and crossed competencies in both the Neonatology and Obstetrics services (intra-service competencies); and on the other hand, no differences were found between the values of the own and crossed competencies between services (inter-service competencies). It can be affirmed that the nursing staff of the obstetrics service possesses as a whole higher own and cross competencies than those of the neonatology staff.Conclusions: In this study it was found that the staff of the Obstetrics area possesses overall higher number of competencies in maternal and infant care with respect to that of Neonatology.
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